Lipid profile is a panel of blood tests that serves as an initial broad ,medical screening tool for abnormalities of lipid metabolism, such as total cholesterol and triglycerides. The results of this test can identify certain genetic disease and can determine approximate risks for presence of cardiovascular disease and certain forms of pancreatitis. The lipid profile typically includes:
- Low density lipoprotein(LDL)
- High density lipoprotein (HDL)
- Total cholesterol
Using these values, certain parameters are also calculated,
Very low density lipoprotein(VLDL)
A total lipid profile reading can be used to assess an individual’s risk for heart disease, however, it should not be relied upon as the only indicator. The individual components that make up total cholesterol reading—LDL, HDL, and VLDL—are also important in measuring risk.
Medical experts recommend complete lipid profile test comprising of cholesterol and triglyceride testing to screen for problems that affect the way cholesterol is produced, used, carried in the blood, or disposed of by the body. Others may choose to routinely measure only total cholesterol and HDL levels.
Individuals with sedentary lifestyle or working conditions, family linked predisposed risks, stressful jobs , hypothyroidism, obesity should regularly monitor lipid profile to modify lifestyle and thus prevent life threatening conditions.